Quercus velutina - Black Oak
Black oak, a deciduous tree, reaches 50-60 ft. high and the spread is variable. Large, spreading branches form an open crown that is often quite irregular. Catkins appear just before or with the appearance of new leaves. Thick, glossy, pointed-lobed black oak leaves often turn orange or red in fall.Easily distinguishable by the yellow or orange inner bark, formerly a source of tannin, of medicine, and of a yellow dye for cloth known as quercitron. Peeled bark was dried, pounded to powder, and the dye sifted out.